Oral Thrush

Also known as candidiasis, oral thrush is a condition that occurs when Candida Albicans, a fungus, builds up on the lining of the mouth. Oral thrush is a common problem, but babies, children, older adults and anyone with a compromised immune system are more likely to get it. Candidiasis lesions can also be an early sign of an HIV infection.

The main symptom of oral thrush is creamy white lesions on the tongue or inner cheek of the mouth. Lesions can also appear on the roof of the mouth or the back of the throat. It occurs when the naturally occurring fungi in the body are out of balance. Good oral hygiene is, however, a big part of treating oral thrush. One can recover more easily from the infection if they are healthy and if they follow a good oral care routine.

Here are some things to remember for people who develop oral thrush: Toothbrushes should be changed more often than the standard recommendation of three months. Once the thrush has cleared, one can go back to using their toothbrush for three months or more. Flossing is very important when a person develops oral thrush. Any type of floss is fine to use, based on comfort. As toddlers and infants are still developing their immune system, thrush is common among them.

If a parent notices white lesions in the mouths of their babies or toddlers, they should see a doctor or dentist. Most times, good oral hygiene takes care of the problem. Children and adults should make unsweetened yoghurt a part of their snack routine as the healthy bacteria found in yoghurt can help treat the thrush infection by restoring a healthy balance of bacteria in the body. Doctors may prescribe an anti-fungal medicine in either pill or rinse form to treat the thrush, if required.

A baby with thrush is able to transmit the infection back to the mother. New mothers should look out for these signs: Pain in the nipples or breast during nursing. Stabbing pain in the breast when not nursing. Very red or sensitive nipples. Flaky skin around the nipples. Adults who are recovering from oral thrush should reduce the intake of breads containing yeast, beer and wine as the yeast in these things can make the matter worse. It is important to make an appointment with your dentist to diagnose thrush as there are a number of oral infections or pathology that may appear like thrush.